12/20/2008

《纽约时报》网站被封



关于中国改革开放30周年的报道登上了《纽约时报》19日的头版头条。

更新12/22/2008 12:38:06 PM:

《纽约时报》网站已被解封(详情

更新12/20/2008 11:07:31 PM:

《纽约时报》在20日的A9版报道了该报网站被中国大陆封锁的消息,网上也刊出了此报道(原文附后)。

据该报道,中国外交部一位不愿透露姓名的发言人接受该报记者采访时说:“关于你的特定问题,我们真的没有更多消息。网站的维护问题不在我们的职责范围之内。”

外交部外国记者新闻中心(IPC)的官员唐锐对该报说,他也没有更详细的消息。他说:“这个可能是技术问题。”但拒绝细说。

《纽约时报》的发言人Catherine J. Mathis说,这显然不是技术问题。

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(福禄祯祥12月20日文)今天凌晨发现《纽约时报》网站无法访问了,得翻墙才行。据来自多个博客的消息,19日早上就上不去了。看样子是被北京封锁了。

其他几大外媒的网站都没事,比如《华盛顿邮报》、《洛杉矶时报》等。看来这次封锁是专门针对《纽约时报》的。

早年网络刚在中国大地兴起时,像《纽约时报》这类境外的新闻网站都是被封锁的,但后来都被解封了。近年来尽管网络审查日益严格,但外文网站很少被封的,那些特别“出格”的除外。

难道是《纽约时报》关于X疆八四事件的报道触怒了北京?17日它确实重提了那一颠覆性的说法。除此之外,近期它并无刺激北京那既脆弱又敏感的神经的报道了。

关于中国改革开放30周年的报道尽管登上了《纽约时报》19日的头版头条,并且又讲述了北京不爱听的故事,但我看故事内容并无新鲜、刺激之处。

9月29日,《纽约时报》关于八四事件的报道十分令人震惊,它引述西方游客的耳闻目睹,完全颠覆了北京的说法。不过北京也没出面反驳。其实8月下旬这事就被抖露出来了,当时或许是奥运正酣,没有引起各方注意。

本周三(17日),新华社通报说,八四事件的两名维族袭击者被判处死刑了,才又引起一波国际媒体的关注,不过都没有质疑北京的口径。唯独《纽约时报》又回顾了那一颠覆性说法。这次北京还是没有公开驳斥。

北京的反应确实蹊跷。通常来说,如果外媒关于中国的报道有丁点闪失或者说了北京不爱听的话,就会成为北京攻击的把柄或抱怨的对象。

比如最近《纽约时报》因所谓的“恶搞”了“楼兰美女”,很快就招来北京的外事喉舌——《环球时报》的猛烈批判。而对于《纽约时报》严重“恶搞”八四事件的报道,北京却鸦雀无声。

如果《纽约时报》对八四的报道是胡说八道,是肯定会遭到北京严词批驳的。与“统一口径”完全冲突的三篇报道都没招来北京的明确反应,难道是默认了?不可能没看到,因为像《纽约时报》和《华盛顿邮报》这类西方主流媒体,关于中国的重要报道都要上《内参》的。

但是,第三篇报道发出后才隔了一天,网站就被封了。不免令人怀疑此事与那事是否有直接因果关系。上两篇报道发出后网站都没事,难道是因为正奥运或奥运刚结束不好下手?

本月伊始,为了应付奥运而临时解封的一些网站就又被屏蔽了,其中就包括BBC中文网。在16日外交部记者会上,有记者就此询问外交部发言人刘建超这是怎么回事,他开始说不了解情况,然后又说是依法行事。国际媒体广泛报道了此事,BBC还发表声明对网站被封表示K议。有趣的是,效果非常明显,BBC中文网17日就又能正常访问了。

不知道《纽约时报》会不会也向北京提出K议,是否也会享受BBC中文网那样的待遇被再次解封?(文/福禄祯祥http://www.fulue.com/

《纽约时报》关于八四事件的三篇颠覆性报道:

2 Uighurs Sentenced to Death for West China Police Assault 2008/12/18
Doubt Arises in Account of an Attack in China 2008/09/29
Photos Support Account by China of Deadly Attack 2008/08/24

博客关注:

《大西洋月刊》记者James Fallows: NYTimes.com is being blocked throughout China
思想工厂·IDEA WORKS:《纽约时报》怎么上不去了?
livefrombeijing: new york times blocked in china?

媒体报道:

AP: China blocks access to New York Times Web site
Reuters: China blocks Internet access to NY Times
The New York Times: China Blocks Access to The Times’s Web Site

此外,《华尔街日报》转载了美联社的报道,《华盛顿邮报》转载了路透社的报道;《国际先驱论坛报》(IHT)转载了《纽约时报》的报道,用的标题是“中国封锁了国际先驱论坛报的姊妹网(China blocks access to sister site of IHT)”,IHT网站上还又转载了美联社的报道。

环球时报:《纽约时报》抱怨在华被“封网” 12/22/2008

腾讯网转载了《环球时报》的这一报道,但又删除了。)

相关文章:

福禄祯祥:BBC中文网真的开了?! 7/31/2008

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The New York Times: China Blocks Access to The Times’s Web Site

By KEITH BRADSHER
Published: December 19, 2008

HONG KONG — Chinese authorities have begun blocking access from mainland China to the Web site of The New York Times even while lifting some of the restrictions they had recently imposed on the Web sites of other media outlets.

When computer users in cities like Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou tried to connect on Friday morning to nytimes.com, they received a message that the site was not available; some users were cut off on Thursday as early as 8 p.m. The blocking was still in effect on Saturday morning.

But the Chinese-language Web sites of BBC, Voice of America and Asiaweek, all of which had been blocked earlier this week, were accessible by Friday. The Web site of Ming Pao, a Hong Kong newspaper, was blocked earlier this week and still restricted on Friday.

Chinese officials had few explanations for the restriction on The Times’s site. “Concerning your particular question, we’re not really familiar with the details,” said a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Beijing, who declined to give his name. “Web site maintenance is not within the job purview of the Foreign Ministry.”

Tang Rui, an official with the government’s International Press Center in Beijing, said he also had no specific information. “It might be a technical problem,” he said, declining to elaborate.

Access to the Web site was not restricted on Friday in Hong Kong, which Britain returned to Chinese rule in 1997 but which still allows freedom of speech, including on the Internet. Internet users in Japan and the United States were also not experiencing difficulties on Friday in viewing the site.

A spokeswoman for The Times, Catherine J. Mathis, said there did not appear to be a technical issue.

Rebecca MacKinnon, a researcher at Hong Kong University who specializes in China’s Internet controls, said the reasons for the restrictions were mysterious. “All anybody can offer is speculation,” she said.

In the months leading up to the Olympics in Beijing, during the Games and immediately after, the Chinese government temporarily unblocked access to some Web sites and eased curbs on the ability of foreign correspondents to travel within China. It has not tightened the travel restrictions since then.

A version of this article appeared in print on December 20, 2008, on page A9 of the New York edition.

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