9/20/2009

香港《传媒透视》:建国六十年报道的舆论控制



香港大学中国传媒研究计划主任钱刚在9月期的香港《传媒透视》撰文探讨“建国六十年报道的舆论控制”,称中国大陆“各媒体都把国庆报导看作提升影响力的机会,当局则把它作为舆论控制的关键一役。”文章说:

二零零八年胡锦涛提出新的新闻政策,强调“舆论引导”,争夺新闻传播的主动权,在信息公开、突发事件报导等方面,采取了较为灵活的姿态。然而国庆报导与奥运报导不同。北京奥运是国际事件,在世界的目光和压力下,当局的新闻管制政策相对开放;国庆则是“家事”,当局把对内的“稳定压倒一切”置于首位,对传媒严加管束。五个“好” 的核心是“共产党好”,即:中共地位的无可置疑,中共的执政成就辉煌。对六十年来的失误、挫折、人为的灾难、至今未昭雪的政治冤案,则划为禁区,不许谈论。


同期《传媒透视》还发表香港记者协会主席麦燕庭的文章《内地采访步步为营》,由近期香港记者在乌鲁木齐采访被打一事说开去,介绍了中国大陆目前恶劣的媒体采访环境,和“到中国内地采访的香港记者所面对的危险和困难”。麦在文章末尾不禁感叹中国大陆的“新闻自由停滞不前”文章说:

行文至此,笔者不禁感叹,中国的新闻自由怎么好像停滞不前甚或有所倒退?犹记得二十多年前到内地采访时,虽然禁例多多,但只要记者肯闯肯试,抢新闻、找真相的空间还是存在的,尤其是在上世纪八十年代中期至“六四事件”发生前;随着国家经济发展,采访更加规范化,采访禁区更多,而阻挠采访的手法虽然已经较为“斯文”,但性质不变,就是要压制新闻自由。


香港《傳媒透視》2009年09月號目錄

資源共享 —「創意通」共建通識課程
內地採訪步步為營
建國六十周年報導的輿論控制
「與傳媒領袖對話」分享研討會後記:「傳媒要企硬,先要老闆肯撐」
風雨同舟.守衛家園—試析台灣公民媒體對「八八水災」的報導
Redefining Influence - Social Media Changes Communications Forever
2009電視節目欣賞指數第二階段調查結果概述
八月傳媒記事簿
《震撼:媒體回想》
傳媒掠影
傳媒參考資料

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0:21 2009-9-23

驻华外国记者协会强烈谴责北京袭击日本记者

福禄祯祥按:9月18日晚三名外国记者在北京报道国庆排练时遭到殴打,驻华外国记者协会(FCCC)19日发表声明予以强烈谴责。福禄祯祥把英文声明全文翻译成了中文。

驻华外国记者协会声明

攻击共同社记者应当受到谴责

9月19日

驻华外国记者协会强烈谴责不明身份者攻击日本共同社的三名记者。

据共同社报道,三名记者9月18日晚被袭击、殴打并被推倒在地。他们的一些设备也遭到破坏。

三名记者当时正在报道十一国庆游行排练,排练是在住着数千人的北京最大的街道上进行的。

近几周,当局曾口头警告许多驻京记者不要录制预演,不要开窗俯视游行。但并未说明这些警告的法律依据。

驻华外国记者协会要求外交部以书面的形式澄清所有关于报道国庆的规定。

“这次攻击是中国努力开放报道环境的一次退步。我们敦促仍在设限的部分当权者,必须遵守中国的所有规定,允许外国记者自由报道。”驻华外国记者协会主席Scott McDonald说。

(翻译/福禄祯祥-浮掠http://fulue.com/

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10:36 2009-9-20

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附:共同社就记者被打一事发布的英文报道

(via FCCC)

BEIJING, Sept. 18 Kyodo – Chinese authorities assaulted three Kyodo News journalists in Beijing on Friday night when they were covering a rehearsal of a military parade the country will stage in the city on Oct. 1, the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China.

The authorities kicked one reporter and two cameramen and hit their heads to make them knee down at a room of Beijing Hotel, which faces Chang’an Avenue that runs east to west past the Tiananmen Square area where the National Day celebrations will be centered.

The authorities, who stormed into the room around 8 p.m. without notice, destroyed two computers by throwing them out of the room to the corridor.

China’s Foreign Ministry ordered news organizations not to take photos when the country conducted a rehearsal Sept. 6, but the ministry has not issued such an order since then.
Just as the previous rehearsal, tanks, armored vehicles and missile-carrying vehicles traveled the central Beijing in the Friday event.

It will be the first time for China to hold a military parade since 1999, when it celebrated the 50th anniversary of its founding.

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BBC中文网编译共同社的报道:日媒体三记者北京遭殴打 9/19/2009

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又附:FCCC谴责声明的英文原文:

Statements Posted September 19, 2009

Assault On Kyodo Reporters Is Reprehensible

The Foreign Correspondents’ Club of China strongly condemns the assault by unidentified people on three reporters working for Japan’s Kyodo News Agency.

According to Kyodo, the three journalists were attacked, hit and pushed to the ground on the evening of Sept. 18. Some of their equipment was also damaged.

The three were covering a rehearsal for the Oct. 1 National Day parade, an event carried out on Beijing’s biggest street in front of thousands of people.

In recent weeks, many Beijing-based journalists have been verbally warned by the authorities not to film the preparations or to open windows overlooking the parades. The legal basis for these warnings has not been made clear.

The FCCC calls on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to clarify, in writing, any rules it has regarding coverage of these events.

“This attack is a step backward in China’s efforts to open up the reporting environment. We urge restraint on the part of authorities, who must follow China’s own rules allowing foreign journalists to report freely,” said FCCC President Scott McDonald.